FLY FISHING: TECHNIQUES AND MATERIALS

A ttrezzatura Fishing
What is needed as equipment for a fly fishing trip is very little: a rod , a reel , a rat’s tail , some rigs , a couple of nylon spools , some flies , a pair of scissors , silicone to grease the flies and of course appropriate clothing.

In principle, our equipment must be suitable for the type of waters in which we want to fish : small stream, stream, river, valley river, alpine lake, plain lake, cc….

It is clear that such different places need different approaches.

When fishing in a small stream and using small flies with thin ends , we must use a short, sensitive rod that carries a light rat tail .

The action of the rod is decisive for the ability to present the fly to the fish : to work well, a rod must be loaded with a rat tail of the appropriate weight for its power (the weight of the rat tail is measured in grains).

Both the rod and the line must be adapted to the correct AFTM standards (American Fishing Tackle Manufactures) : therefore a rod considered as # 4 by the AFTM standards should be coupled to a rat line also # 4.

Before going into the details of which rod and line to use for the various places and various techniques, let’s talk a little about rods and lines.

A ttrezzatura Fishing
Fly fishing rods

Fast action (fast action) / Tip action (moderate fast action): this type of rods are appropriate for distance fishing with good weight lines suitable for casting even voluminous lures or for the tip action for dry fly / nymph at great distances.

Action from the middle of the tip up (moderate action): the all-round rod that manages to make a good distance with delicate and accurate poses. The soft part of the tip acts as a shock absorber.
Belly action (slow action): in this case in the cast the rod flexes in the center, creating a large arc and consequently produces a large loop. It is the suitable rod for fishing at short distances and to delicately present the dry fly or nymph on the waters of streams.

Mouse tails
The rat tail provides the necessary weight to load the rod as we cast.

The AFTM numbers describe the weight of the rat tail , calculated in grains on the first 9.1 m (30 ft) of the tail and are described on the rod by # always followed by a number. If we use a fly line that is too light for the rod it will not flex because it is not loaded sufficiently. If the rat’s tail were too heavy for the rod, it would overload it, causing it to flex too much and making casting difficult.

Mouse Tail Profiles
The first letters of the ATM rules classify the rat tail as:

1) Uniform (level = L) – they have the same diameter throughout their length

2) Double spindle (double-taper = DT) = offers more control and light poses on the water

3) Weight off-centered forward (weight –forward = WF) = easy to use for long casts with still delicate poses.

4) Part of the launch tail (shooting-head or shooting taper = SH) = used only for very long casts, especially on lakes.